Erken çocukluk döneminde bebeklik/çocukluk amnezisi ve otobiyografik bellek gelişimi

Kızbes Meral Kılıç

Öz


Kişinin kendi geçmişindeki düşünceleri, duyguları ve davranışları hakkındaki anılarından oluşan otobiyografik bellek, çeşitli işlevleri bakımından çocuğun gelişiminde önemli bir kavramdır. Otobiyografik belleğin benlik gelişimine etkisi büyüktür. Kişilerin benlik devamlılığını, öz-düzenleme ihtiyaçlarını karşılayabilmelerini ve geçmiş yaşantı ve deneyimlerinden edinilen dersler sayesinde şimdi ve gelecekteki davranışlar hakkında çıkarsamalarda bulunup planlama yapabilmeyi sağlayan otobiyografik bellek, sosyal ilişkiler için de temel öneme sahiptir. Kişisel geçmişimizde sürekliliği sağlayan otobiyografik bellek gelişimi çoğu yetişkin yaşamının ilk üç-dört yılını hatırlayamadığı bebeklik/çocukluk amnezisinin bitiminde başlamaktadır. Erken dönem deneyimleri ilerleyen yaşlarda kritik öneme sahiptir.  Hatırlanamadığı halde yetişkin yaşamını önemli derecede etkileyen bebeklik/çocukluk amnezisi, üzerinde uzunca süredir çalışılmış bir konudur. Bu çalışmada, otobiyografik bellek, otobiyografik belleğin gelişimi ve bebeklik/çocukluk amnezisi incelenmiş ve çocuk gelişimi bağlamında bazı önerilerde bulunulmuştur.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Otobiyografik Bellek; Otobiyografik Bellek Gelişimi; Bebeklik/Çocukluk Amnezisi

Tam Metin:

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.1967201932156

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