Okul öncesi bütünleştirmede özel gereksinimli ve tipik gelişen çocukların sosyal kabulleri: Boylamsal bir çalışma

Hatice Bakkaloğlu, Ahmet Bilal Özbek, Nimet Bülbin Sucuoğlu

Öz


Bu çalışmanın amacı, okul öncesinde bütünleştirme ortamlarındaki özel gereksinimli (ÖG) ve tipik gelişen (TG) çocukların sosyal kabul düzeylerini boylamsal olarak incelemektir. Bu amaçla çalışmanın verileri Sosyometrik Dereceleme Ölçeği ile Güz ve Bahar döneminde olmak üzere iki kez toplanmıştır. Çalışma grubunda 12 bağımsız anaokulundaki 41 sınıfa devam eden 47 ÖG ve 47 TG çocuk yer almıştır. ÖG ve TG çocukların Güz ve Bahar dönemi değerlendirme sonuçları karşılaştırılmış; bulgular TG çocukların sosyal kabul düzeylerinin hem Güz hem de Bahar döneminde, ÖG çocuklardan daha yüksek olduğunu göstermiştir. Ayrıca ÖG ve TG çocukların Güz ve Bahar dönemi ölçümleri arasında grup içinde farklılaşma olmadığı; her iki grubun Güz-Bahar dönemi ölçümleri arasındaki farklar karşılaştırıldığında ise iki grubun ölçümler arasındaki farkların da anlamlı düzeyde farklılaşmadığı belirlenmiştir. Bulgular alanyazın ışığında tartışılmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler


Özel gereksinimli çocuk; tipik gelişen çocuk; bütünleştirme; okul öncesi; sosyal kabul

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.1967202042240

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