Okul öncesi dönem çocuklarında çalışma belleği ve engelleyici kontrol: Dikkatin aracı rolü

Ali İbrahim Can Gözüm

Öz


Bu araştırmanın amacı, dikkat, çalışma belleği ve engelleyici kontrol becerileri arasındaki ilişki ve çalışma belleği ile engelleyici kontrol arasında dikkatin aracı rolünün incelenmesidir. Araştırma, Kars ilinde kamu anaokuluna ve anasınıfına devam eden 60-72 aylık 200 çocuğun katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmada İvrendi ve Erol (2018) tarafından geliştirilen 4-6 Yaş Çocuklarına Yönelik Öz düzenleme Becerileri Ölçeği (Öğretmen Formu) kullanılmıştır. Veri toplama aracına yapılan Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi (DFA) ve iç tutarlık analizine göre veri toplama aracının geçerli ve güvenilir olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Araştırmanın sonucunda çalışma belleği, dikkat ve engelleyici kontrol becerilerinin doğrudan ve olumlu yönde etkilemektedir. Dikkat, engelleyici kontrolü doğrudan ve olumlu yönde etkilemektedir. Basit etki modeli ile aracı etki modeli karşılaştırıldığında, çalışma belleği ve engelleyici kontrol arasında ilişki azalmış ancak anlamlı farklılık ortadan kalkmadığı için dikkatin çalışma belleği ve engelleyici kontrol arasında kısmi aracı etkiye sahip olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Araştırmada önerilen modele ait bulgular alanyazına göre incelenmiş, çalışma belleği, dikkat ve engeleyici kontrolün işlevsel özellikleri ve etkileşimi tartışılmıştır.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Okul öncesi dönem çocukları, Çalışan bellek, Engelleyici kontrol, Dikkat

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Referanslar


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.1967202043270

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