The effects of Montessori training program for mothers on mathematics and daily living skills of 4-5 year-old Montessori children

Fatma Ülkü Yıldız, Aysel Çağdaş

Öz


This study investigated the effects of Montessori Training Program for Mothers (MTPM) on math and daily living skills of Montessori children ages 4 to 5 years old. Sample of the study included 19 Montessori pre-schoolers (8 and 11 children in experimental and control group respectively) who enrolled at an applied kindergarten affiliated to a university at Konya in 2016-2017 school year. Verified to be a reliable and valid measure for Turkish children, two subtests – Mathematics (MATH) and Daily Living Skills (DLS) – of the Basic School Skills Inventory 3 (BSSI) were used to collect data. Tests were administered to the students as pre-test, post-test and follow-up test by their teachers. MTPM was administered to the mothers in the experimental group for 12 weeks-36 hours in total while control and experimental group children continued their Montessori education. Four weeks after the program was completed, BSSI-3-MATH and BSSI-3-DLS tests were re-administered as follow-up test. Mann Whitney U test and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test were used for the analysis of the study data. A comparison between the post-test mean scores of the experimental and control group showed a significant difference (p <.05) in math skills favoring the experimental group; no difference was found in pre and post-test scores in daily living skills (p>0.5). No significant difference was noted between the post-test and follow-up mean scores that experimental group children obtained on BSSI-3-MATH and BSSI-3-DLS, which showed that program gains were maintained.


Anahtar Kelimeler


Montessori Method; Montessori Training Program for Mothers (MTPM); Mathematics; Daily Living Skills

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.1967201932142

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